Tuesday, February 16, 2010

Dates Everyone Should Know, from AP European History

476: Romulus Augustus deposed, end of the Roman Empire

1492: Columbus finds the new world, Moores kicked out of Spain as the Reconquista comes to a close, Jews also kicked out

1521: Diet of Worms, Protestant Reformation begins

1555: Peace of Augsberg, Princes can worship however they want in the German states

1648: Peace of Westphalia, the Netherlands officially recognized

1713: Treaty of Utrecht finishes War of Spanish Succession, universal monarch of Louis XIV (the "Sun King") avoided

1763: Treaty of Paris ends French and Indian (N America)/Seven Years' (Europe) war between France and everyone else

1815: Congress of Vienna ends Napoleonic wars

1848: Revolutions sweep everyone

1871: Foundation of "modern" Germany under Emperor Wilhelm I, shepherded by Otto von Bismarck

1918: Treaty of Versailles ends WWI

1945: End of WWII

So, for those of you keeping score, that's 12 dates: 476, 1521, 1555, 1648, 1713, 1763, 1815, 1848, 1871, 1918, 1945.

Here's a few more that aren't vital, but good for party talk:

1066: Battle of Hastings: Normans conquer England, ensure that French will become a vital root of modern English, start the Middle Ages, end the Dark Ages

1588: A "divinely inspired" storm destroys the Spanish Armada, along with machinations by Francis Walsingham et. al. Also, two words: fire ships.

1776: Duh.

1792: French Revolution breaks out.

1812: The year in which the War of 1812 was fought.

1861: American Civil War. Pesky Europeans all try to influence it, while maintaining neutrality.

1914: Archduke Franz Ferdinand assassinated by Gavrilu Princep, causes chain reaction leading to WWI. First major continental warfare since Germanic Reunification wars of 1871

1917: Russian Revolution. 'Nuff Said.

1929: NYSE market crash starts the Great Depression worldwide

1931: Spanish Civil War breaks out. Fascist and Communist forces duke it out via proxy in Spain. Hitler and Stalin try out their new toys: gas, tanks, bombers, etc.

1939: On September 1st, Hitler's Nazi Germany invades Poland, starting WWII.

1941: Pearl Harbor ensures American entry into the war.

1960: DeGaulle withdraws France from NATO, because, well, he's a dick.

1989: Fall of the Berlin Wall

1991: December 25th, USSR falls.

So, to recap: 476, 1066, 1521, 1555, 1588, 1648, 1713, 1763, 1776, 1792, 1812, 1815, 1848, 1861, 1871, 1914, 1918, 1929, 1931, 1939, 1945, 1960, 1989, 1991.

Not so hard.

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